Africa is home to numerous precious minerals and stones. This continent has some of the world's largest gold and diamond mines. Many African economies, in fact, rely significantly on vast quantities of valuable minerals.
Tanzanite is one of the rarest gemstones in the planet, as well as one of the most undervalued in relation to its scarcity. Given its scarcity, it is logical to expect it to command a high price. Despite this, it sells for significantly less than diamonds, with prices per carat ranging between US$300 and US$600. Tanzanite is often beautiful in blues and bluish-purples, but it also exists in exceedingly uncommon and highly collectible fancy colours such as golden, green, lilac, and peacock (blue and green). The diverse hues of tanzanite are caused by the amount and ratio of chromium and vanadium, and the main value determinants for this gemstone are rare/beautiful fancy colours and cutting quality.
Garnets are most often associated with their reddish hue, however there are uncommon variants of this gem that may be found in pink, green, brown, black, yellow, or even colourless. These are only a few of the hues available for this lovely gemstone. Tanzania has the highest grade of this diamond. Garnets discovered in Mahenge, Tanzania, as well as the Merelani highlands, have recently expanded the attractiveness of this gemstone.
Along with sapphires, ruby is the most valuable and sought-after gemstone in the corundum family. This red stone has a long history and has long been used in beautiful products in various cultures and civilizations. Despite the fact that rubies are mined all over the world, African rubies have recently gained popularity.
Africa is a renowned supplier of high-quality spinel. The recent discovery of explosive Red Spinel in Mahenge, Tanzania, took Spinel to new heights in the gem world as connoisseurs gasped at its